What Can We as a Veterinary Health Care Team Do to Address the Needs of Older Pets?

As animal nutrition and medical care continue to advance, pets are living longer than ever. As a result, veterinary patients are getting older.

Various studies have demonstrated that 20% to 40% of dogs and cats presented to small animal hospitals are 7 years of age or older. This number is likely to continue to grow.

Here at Mclean Animal Hospital, we have developed a specific geriatric wellness program for the routine health care of senior pets, similar to the programs already in place for puppies and kittens. Recognizing the special concerns associated with ageing is critical to helping geriatric pets live long, high-quality lives and to enabling clients and their pets to enjoy the animals’ final months or years.

Older animals can have numerous health care issues. As the body ages, key organ functions deteriorate. Renal (kidney) insufficiency, heart disease, vision loss, hearing loss, endocrine disorders, periodontal disease, cognitive dysfunction, degenerative joint conditions, and cancer are more common as pets grow older. Risk factors that have been present for life, such as obesity or poor dental maintenance, exacerbate the ageing process.

Consequently, new risk factors may develop. The older dog with arthritis is probably less active, which can lead to weight gain. With proper management, many of the disorders common in mature pets can be prevented, managed, or treated, providing greater comfort and adding years to pets’ lives.

Goals of wellness for older pets include recognizing and controlling or eliminating risk factors, detecting diseases early, treating existing disease, and supporting remaining function. The core of most geriatric wellness programs is regular health screenings. For younger animals, routine screening is usually limited to an annual physical examination and, possibly, tests for parasites or infectious diseases. For many older pets, this would be inadequate. In particular, older pets are much more likely to harbour preclinical illnesses. If caught early, some of these illnesses can be treated with some degree of success. Therefore, the geriatric screening begins with a comprehensive physical examination but typically should include a rigorous battery of diagnostic tests.

  • Physical examination
  • Complete Blood Count, Blood Chemistry Profile and Thyroid Test

Additional Tests:

  • Radiograph
  • Ultrasound
  • ECG
  • Blood pressure determination
  • Parasite Testing (fecal analysis and heartworm testing)
  • Infectious diseases determination (FeLV, FIV)
  • Dental Prophylaxis and Periodontal treatment
  • Management of Chronic Illnesses (diabetes, thyroid, heart disease)
  • Treatment of neoplasia
  • Vision Screening
  • Weight management

Other Supportive care and treatments:

  • Pain management and chondroprotective supplement
  • Fluid therapy
  • Condition-specific diet
  • Physical therapy
  • Vaccinations
  • Grooming and Oral Health maintenance

Providing quality geriatric care is a critical part of veterinary practice as a whole and should not be overlooked. Many veterinary professionals take great satisfaction in knowing they have done everything in their power to care for each patient and owner from the beginning of the pet’s life until the end. This is the core of a bond-centered practice. Clients who experience this type of care show their appreciation in many ways, most expressively by returning again when they are ready to accept a new animal into their hearts and homes.

Written by: Roselle Batalla, VT



Dog owner and dog walking in the snow

Winter Hazards & Your Pets

The winter season is a wonderful time of year for everyone, but can also be a stressful time as well. With lots of time spent outside in the snow, and preparing for those pesky winter storms!

Read More
See All Articles

Last updated: February 25, 2021

Dear Clients,

With recent changes to restrictions on businesses, we are pleased to advise that effective May 19, 2020 some restrictions on veterinary practices have been lifted. Based on these changes, below are some important updates to our operating policies.


This includes vaccines, wellness exams, blood work, heartworm testing, spays and neuters, dental services, and more!



If you wish to connect with a veterinarian via message, phone or video, visit our website and follow the "Online Consultation" link.


We are OPEN with the following hours:

- Monday to Friday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm
- Saturday: 9:00 am - 3:00 pm
- Sunday: CLOSED


Have you welcomed a new furry family member to your home? We’d love to meet them! Visit our Must Know New Pet Owner Information page for useful resources and helpful recommendations for new pet owners.

Thank you for your patience and understanding and we look forward to seeing you and your furry family members again!

- Your dedicated team at McLean Animal Hospital